From Wed Jul 17 10:39:54 1996
Date: Fri, 05 Jul 1996 10:48:41 -0700 (PDT)
From: "Dr. Barry Huebert" 
To: ACE-1 List 
Subject: Workgroup report for Lagrangians


This group assessed the status of dynamics and chemistry data for
Lagrangians A and B, then discussed the ways various groups plan to make
use of this data. We identified several papers that people hope to

		Dynamical data and analyses

The analysis of the chemical data depends heavily on understanding the
dynamical contexts of the Lagrangian experiments. Several of these
analyses, including the calculation of turbulent fluxes, are already
completed. Many will appear soon on Qing Wang's home page. A group
including Lenschow, Wang, Siems, Businger, and Austin has agreed to
prepare two Lagrangian overview papers, similar to what Bretherton
produced for ASTEX/MAGE. One would cover the synoptic setting, satellite
observations, BL evolution, trajectories, divergence, and the tracking
balloons. The other paper will address smaller-scale phenomena including
micrometeorology, entrainment, details of mixing, and cloud processes.
This nicely-coordinated group plans to have much of that information ready
within a few months.

In addition to those two papers, Businger and Siems each plan papers
comparing their trajectory analyses to the balloon trajectories. Lenschow
plans to evaluate the utility of circular patterns for flux, divergence,
and entrainment measurements. Russell plans a paper on the information
which aerosol microphysical evolution can contribute to understanding BL
mixing processes. Jim Moore has agreed to do a paper on the pre-Lagrangian
B flight (#23), and what it can tell us about the source of the air and
aerosols we followed for the next three flights.

Lagrangian B appears to be a very interesting case dynamically, since the
tagged air moved from warmer to colder water, in contrast to ASTEX/MAGE
and most other evolutionary observations. Wang's initial flux analyses
suggest that there was a strong capping inversion at 1400 m during at
least flights 24 and 25, which may have prevented any entrainment of FT
air. There was virtually no heat flux, so shear dominated the mixing. The
Richardson number may be a particularly useful parameter in this
situation. While the freedom from entrainment may seem desirable for
understanding chemical changes, it was necessarily accompanied by
increasing stability of the surface layer, so that noticeable gradients of
such species as peroxide were evident. Aerosol chemistry and microphysics
also suggest a weak inversion at 500m on these flights. It may be that we
cannot use a simple box-model chemical budget approach in this situation
due to stable stratification near the surface, and will have to rely on
more complex dynamical/chemical models to solve for surface fluxes and
chemical conversion rates.

		Chemical and microphysical data

Most of the chemical and microphysical data will be ready for evaluation
in the October/November time-frame. Many PI's indicated they will
password-protect their data, with the intention of giving the password to
virtually anyone who requests it. The intention seems to be that data
providers can then have a conversation with potential data users prior to
the use of their data. Status:

 	NH3 was not measured on every Lag flight, due to crew-duty
limitations. Numbers may be ready by October.

 	NO was done on all Lag flights, and should be ready by August.

 	SO2 and DMS data processing will not resume until October. No
Drexel rep attended the workshop, but we hope for Lagrangian data by the
end of the year.

 	McMurry's data will be cleaned up by August.

 	Russell has half of the flights done, but wants to look for
droplet shatter in her data. It isn't obvious, as it is in some other data

 	Anderson will have completed the microscopic evaluations of the
Lagrangians by mid-August

 	Clarke's non-OPC data will be ready in a few months.

 	Eisele's analysis is done, but a final version is not yet ready.

 	Much of Kok's data is done and submitted to the archive.

 	Blake's data is ready.

 	A first draft of Huebert's inorganic impactor data is now in the
database. The external sampler was inoperative on Lag B; Lag A data will
be submitted by August.

 	The CIT organic filter data may be ready by December, but not in
time for AGU.

 	Hudson's CCN spectrometer did not operate on a Friday flight. The
remaining flights are being edited now, and should be in the archive in
two months.

 	No one knows the status of Valero's TDDR data.

 	The lidar data will be submitted soon, and may be put into a book
of images for visual inspection. It will be range-corrected, but not
analyzed for layers. Lynn Russell agreed to work with Krista Laursen to
learn a relatively complex layer-detecting algorithm, but will only run it
on the Lagrangian flights. According to Don Lenschow, it is not a
straightforward thing for numerous individuals to run. We need to find a
computer-facile individual who will run this algorithm for at least the
other flights on which we did Lenschow  circles.

 	Some RAF data is being redone. There is quite a lot of concern
that we have no reliable data on aircraft altitude, since the radar
altimeters were not functional. The pressure-altitude algorithm that RAF
routinely applies does not even use airport pressure corrections, so that
the altitudes of several flight legs in the present database imply that we
flew underwater! Huebert has discussed this issue with Allen Schanot, and
we will try to find a suitable way of providing more realistic altitude
information, perhaps by using GPS or the lidar to calibrate PALT in each
study area. Apparently Krista Laursen is applying attitude corrections to
RAF's radiometer data, so that we will have actual upwelling and
downwelling radiances in a later version of the dataset.

 	Quite a bit of surface and seawater data from the ships is ready
now. This includes DMS and NH3 concentrations and fluxes from Disco.
Southern Surveyor data should be ready in two months.

		Lagrangian analyses

Many people expressed desires to use the Lagrangian data. These include:

 	Huebert and many others want to examine the evolution of sulfur

 	Davis wants to run a moving-box model.

 	Suhre wants to use a moving-column model, which includes vertical
exchange, on H2O2, ozone, and DMS.

 	Huebert wants to evaluate the validity of the Lagrangian
observational strategy. To what extent did we study homogeneous airmasses
and how well can we represent their chemistry and dynamics with this

 	Wang, Siems, and others want to study BL evolution.

 	Numerous aerosol dynamics modelers (including Russell, Raes,
Majeed) want to run models including coagulation, growth, and other
microphysical processes.

 	Huebert and Quinn are interested in NH3 fluxes.

 	Blake and others want to look at budgets of organohalides,
hydrocarbons, and ozone. (Blake's HC analysis may be more a seasonal
investigation than one confined to the Lagrangians.)

 	Russell wants to use the chemical and microphysical data to
constrain BL dynamics.

 	Huebert and others want to compare surface fluxes inferred from BL
evolution with those derived from surface measurements.

It appears that these two sets of Lagrangian observations will be used for
testing and improving a wide variety of chemical, microphysical, and
dynamical models.

From Wed Jul 17 10:40:03 1996
Date: Fri, 05 Jul 1996 22:44:12 -1000 (HST)
From: Tony Clarke 
To: "Dr. Barry Huebert" 
Cc: ACE-1 List 
Subject: Re: Workgroup reports for C-130 and Lagrangians


A small correction to your C-130 report.  Actually it is not true that 
knows the status of the TDDR data (Valero, Bucholtz).  As I reported at 
the meeting and indicated in my "Radiative closure" report, most of the 
TDDR data apears to be good and it is the expectation of Anthony Bucholtz 
to have this data in the data set by September.  They have been busy on 
other field campaigns since ACE-1.

Also my CN and UCN counter data should be ready in a few weeks.  This 
will consist of files edited for shatter and files with shatter included 
so that others might evaluate their data (eg. Lynn Russell).

Our DMA and OPC data should be out before AGU.