NEAQS 2004

Meteorological summary for Gulf of Maine and northern coastal New England

 

Wayne M. Angevine

 

31 July

 

March 17, 2005


General

An area of surface low pressure progressed northeastward into northeastern Ontario.A surface trough in association with the low moved into western New York by periodís end.Near the coastline, a weak sea breeze developed.With the migrating surface low and the subtropical high parked to the southeast of New England, a strong pressure gradient developed between the two systems and produced strong southwesterly winds.†† During the evening, winds were generally from the SW at 5-10 kts for much of the Northeast, up to 15 kts offshore.During the day, winds were from the SW at 10-15 kts onshore and up to 20 kts over the nearshore waters. In midafternoon winds were SSW over nearshore waters.Daytime highs ranged from the upper 70ís to low 80ís (24-26C).Overnight lows were quite warm, as lows ranged from the mid to upper 60ís (18-21C) for northern new England.Fog continued to develop for central and eastern portions of the Gulf of Maine, Nova Scotia, and along the southern coastlines of New England / Cape Cod.The fog burned off near the coastlines of New England, but continued to persist in the Gulf and in Nova Scotia.Hazy conditions also were being reported during the warm and humid afternoon.Scattered cloudiness existed for much of southern New England into the Gulf of Maine.

Soundings from the ship at 0500, 1100, and 2300 UTC showed a strongly statically stable marine boundary layer ~100 m deep.A near-neutral intermediate layer above extending up to 1.3-1.4 km was discernable in the 0500 and 2300 UTC soundings.Winds aloft were more westerly than near the surface.

Sounding winds

0500 UTC

1100 UTC

2300 UTC

100 m speed, m/s

15.1

14.4

17.9

100 m direction

220

215

200

500 m speed

11.6

17.3

15.5

500 m direction

245

240

220

1000 m speed

11.2

16.7

17.6

1000 m direction

235

235

230

2000 m speed

11.5

16.9

21.5

2000 m direction

240

230

250

 

Ozone and CO

The peak ozone observed on the ship on this day was 70 ppb at 00Z, falling steadily to a low of ~10 ppb at 11Z and recovering slightly to 30-35 ppb at midday.CO fell from ~180 ppb at 00Z to ~80 ppb by 05Z, where it stayed for the rest of the day.The FLEXPART footprints suggest that the ship was on the eastern edge of the urban corridor plume most of the day, but the relatively strong winds kept concentrations down, and the core of the plume was probably on shore.The observed surface winds near the ship position were more southerly than the winds driving FLEXPART appear.

Figure 1:Maximum 1-h surface ozone from EPA AIRNOW

 

Footprints

Figure 2:FLEXPART footprint for 30 July 2345 to 31 July 0011 UTC

Figure 3:FLEXPART footprint for 0543 - 0604 UTC 31 July

Figure 4:FLEXPART footprint for 1703-1750 UTC 31 July

Figure 5:FLEXPART footprint for 1703-1750 UTC 31 July

Ship track plots

Figure 6:CO along the ship track

Figure 7:Ozone along the ship track

Figure 8:Wind direction along the ship track